Scoring more consumers and opening up access to credit
VantageScore Solutions is rolling out the latest version of its popular credit scoring model, VantageScore 4.0.
The model won’t be available for commercial use until Fall 2017, so no one is likely to be receiving a VantageScore 4.0 credit score from a lender or a free credit score provider anytime soon. But VantageScore doesn’t believe in surprises when it comes to credit scoring, so here’s the lowdown on what the new model is all about:
- VantageScore 4.0 incorporates cutting-edge technological advancements to deliver unmatched credit scoring accuracy. Its outstanding predictive power extends to millions of consumers with limited credit histories, as well as borrowers with well-established mainstream borrowing habits. That means VantageScore 4.0 can help lenders offer fair, appropriate loan amounts and borrowing terms to the vast majority of consumers who have credit files
- VantageScore 4.0 retains the familiar, consumer-friendly features that helped propel the use of more than 8 billion VantageScore credit scores in the 12-month period from July 2015 through June 2016 by over 2,400 lenders and other participants. The new model uses the familiar 300-850 scale range introduced with VantageScore 3.0, and explanations of its adverse-action codes will be made available at VantageScore’s ReasonCode.org website.
- The new model is the first in the industry designed to align with consumer-focused changes in the way the national credit reporting companies (CRCs)—Equifax, Experian and TransUnion—handle several types of negative credit-file records, such as medical-collections accounts, tax liens and public records. Under a program called the National Consumer Assistance Plan (NCAP), the CRCs are making procedural changes that will greatly reduce the number of these records that appear in consumer credit files. As the CRCs roll out improvements under NCAP, tax liens and public records data that historically was used to calculate consumers’ credit scores, likely will be eliminated entirely or in part.
- VantageScore 4.0 was designed with these changes in mind, and it gives those records less negative impact when calculating scores for consumers who have those records in their credit files. VantageScore 4.0 also penalizes unpaid medical collections less than other types of unpaid collections, and ignores unpaid medical collections less than six months old, to give insurance companies ample time to make payments. Consistent with the VantageScore 3.0 model, paid collections (including paid medical collections) are excluded in the VantageScore 4.0 model.
- VantageScore continues to pioneer solutions to scoring more consumers without lowering credit scoring standards. The developers of the VantageScore 4.0 model leveraged machine learning techniques to better score consumers with sparse credit histories. This approach significantly increased the model’s ability to accurately score 30-35 million consumers who can’t obtain credit scores when competing scoring models are used. In fact, the use of machine learning techniques has led to a performance lift of 30% among the population of consumers with sparse credit files.
- The VantageScore 4.0 model takes advantage of trended credit data newly available from all three national CRCs. Trended credit data reflects patterns in borrower behavior, such as shifts in the number of balance decreases over time or increases in the rate of a borrower’s utilization—the portion of the individual’s credit limit represented by their outstanding balances. By capturing the trajectory of borrowing and payment behaviors, trended credit data provides a more precise, holistic view of consumer habits.
- This rich new data source helps VantageScore 4.0 refine its scoring accuracy, particularly among high-scoring consumers with well-established credit habits.
- Just as earlier VantageScore models have always done, VantageScore 4.0 uses a patented process to treat data from each CRC identically. That means far greater consistency in scores obtained from different bureaus. VantageScore 4.0 is the first model to use this process on trended credit data.
- Trended credit data is increasingly being used by lenders and is also specifically used by Fannie Mae in mortgage underwriting.
- Using trended credit data, the VantageScore 4.0 credit scoring model delivers originations lift among Prime consumers of nearly 20%.
- VantageScore 4.0 is well suited to the U.S. mortgage market, thanks to its unsurpassed scoring accuracy, consistency across CRCs, and ability to score millions of creditworthy consumers who cannot obtain credit scores when competing models are used. VantageScore is committed to promoting credit scoring competition in the mortgage market and to changing guidelines at Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs) that process the vast majority of U.S. home mortgages. The GSEs currently require use of an outdated FICO model. As a testament to the advancements made on VantageScore 4.0, the new model offers predictive performance lift across all credit industries, with 2.8% predictive lift overall in loan originations and a 5.4% lift in mortgage originations.
In VantageScore 4.0, VantageScore Solutions has delivered yet another credit scoring model that benefits both consumers and lenders, again raising the competitive bar for the credit scoring industry. VantageScore is committed to fostering competition across all consumer credit segments, to helping consumers understand the role their behavior plays in determining their credit scores, and to empowering them to improve their scores as a means of securing credit and making their financial dreams reality.